Business Location

The final concept that we will discuss is that of business location.  Business locations come in two main varieties: physical and logical.  Business locations house resources and functions. Locations exist in recursive relationships to each other which are generally of the “piece/whole” variety.  This means that location is often an arbitrary process of carving up space into pieces as a matter of convenience.

Architectural interest in locations differ, based on whether they are physical or logical.
Physical locations have to do with space.  Space defined in three, two, one, or zero dimensions corresponds respectively to volumes, surfaces, lines, and points.  Points can be of two types: coordinate (x,y; latitude, longitude) or referential (on the fourth floor of the building; next to the car).  Our main architectural concern with physical location is to determine work locations for deployment of technology.  Physical locations correspond very closely to the location concept in the application description standard for IT systems.

Logical locations include accounts, postal addresses, and network addresses (phone numbers; TCP/IP addresses, etc.).  Clearly IT systems are interested in networking addresses.  They are also concerned with accounts as types of logical location.  Some of the basic categories of account include payable, receivable, ledger, personal. Accounts are often one of the top-level categories in business thinking.  This point of view stems from the preeminence of the accounting discipline in the history of business, and of computing systems.  From the overall perspective of this business concept architecture, accounts are assigned a lesser position, as logical locations, or buckets, for monetary resources.