Institutional architecture

The idea of institution here is an organizational element that shapes enterprise behavior based on established custom or law. An example often given is “the institution of marriage”. A significant aspect of designing organizations is the selection of institutional elements to be applied to the architecture of the enterprise being designed. Our usage is based on the concept as used by institutional economists.

•    Elements: rules, guidelines, mandates
•    Types: corporate forms (corporation, partnership, franchise); legal (tort, intellectual property, contract, election); property (title, escrow, equity, investment); market (exchange, auction); transaction (offering, acceptance, consideration, charity); payment (fee for service, pay per use, gift, credit, billing); evaluation (ratings, peer review, reputation);rehearsal; research protocols; friendship; esthetics – and many more.
•    Sociality: The institutional architecture as described here is a whole collection of mechanisms for bounding and encouraging social interaction. One of the reasons they are important for this discussion is that these institutions form the basis of much of the encoding that is supported by ICT.